These General Conditions for the hire-purchase agreement shall form an integral part of the hire-purchase agreement concluded between the Buyer and the Seller (hereinafter Contract). The Contract shall consist of the special conditions (hereinafter Special Conditions) agreed between the Parties, these General Conditions, the payment schedule and other annexes, including any further changes and additions to be introduced in the future.
TERMS AND DEFINITIONS OF THE CONTRACT
1.1 Unless otherwise stipulated in the Contract or evident from the spirit of the Contract, the terms used in the Contract shall bear the following meaning:
1.2 Downpayment is the first payment made by the Buyer to the Seller under the Special Conditions and on the basis of the Payment Schedule for acquisition of the Goods.
1.3 Factor is a person to whom the Seller has assigned the contractual financial claim against the Buyer, and who administers the contractual claim on behalf of the Seller and exercises all rights arising from the claim (including the right of collection).
1.4 Interest is the fee paid by the Buyer to the Factor under the Contract and on the basis of the Payment Schedule for use of the Credit Amount. Interest shall be calculated from and subject to payment from the date of entry into the Contract (included) until the Payment Due Date of the last Instalment Payment (excluded) in accordance with the Payment Schedule under the Contract.
1.5 Goods are movables (including all accessories, things, equipment required for use and additional equipment as well as technical and warranty documents) which have been specified in the Special Conditions and which are to be transferred by the Seller to the Buyer, or a service to be provided by the Seller to the Buyer.
1.6 Cost of Goods is the purchase price of the Goods, plus the value added tax imposed with the Value-Added Tax Act.
1.7 Credit Amount is the credit (hire-purchase) which is provided to the Buyer for the acquisition of Goods and which the Buyer obliges to return/repay as Credit Amount Repayments together with the accessory expenses under the terms and conditions set forth in the Contract to the Factor, instead of the Seller.
1.8 Credit Amount Repayments are the payments to be made by the Buyer to the Factor under the Payment Schedule for the acquisition of the Goods, with the Interest and other fees stipulated in the Contract added thereof.
1.9 Parties to the contract are the Seller and the Buyer.
1.10 Contract Fee is the service charge to be paid each time by the Buyer for the preparation, conclusion and/or amendment of the Contract. The Contract Fee payable for the conclusion of the Contract shall be established in the Special Conditions.
1.11 Payment Schedule is the schedule of payment for the amounts arising from the Contract.
1.12 Payment Due Date is the date established in the Payment Schedule and/or on the basis of the Contract, by which the contractual payment to be made by the Buyer shall be transferred to the Factor’s bank account.
1.13 Instalment Payments are the periodical (monthly, unless otherwise agreed) payments to be made by the Buyer to the Factor for acquisition of the Goods, consisting, among other things, of the Credit Amount Repayments, Interest and other fees payable by the Buyer in connection with the Contract.
1.14 Collateral is property encumbered for the benefit of the Seller and/or Factor under the Collateral Contract and/or a surety and/or guarantee provided by a Third Party to the Seller and/or Factor under the Collateral Contract.
1.15 Collateral Contract is an agreement concluded or to be concluded between the Seller and/or the Factor and the Buyer or Seller and/or the Factor and a Third Party (Parties) for securing appropriate fulfilment of the Buyer’s obligations arising from the Contract (including a pledge, surety and/or guarantee agreement).
1.16 Fine for Delay is the interest payable by the Buyer for delay of fulfilment of a financial obligation in the rate agreed in the Factor’s price list. The Factor’s Price List shall be available at the Factor’s website (www.lhv.ee/jarelmaks).
CONTENTS OF THE CONTRACT
2.1 With the Contract, the Seller undertakes to sell the Goods to the Buyer under the terms and conditions of the Contract, and the Buyer undertakes to pay to the Factor for the Goods under the terms and conditions set forth in the Payment Schedule.
2.2 The Contract shall be treated as a financing and credit agreement, under which the Seller and the Factor undertake to finance the Buyer within the Credit Amount, and the Buyer undertakes to repay the Credit Amount, together with the accumulated Interest and accessory expenses to the Factor, instead of the Buyer, in accordance with the terms and conditions set forth in the Contract.
2.3 The right of ownership of the Goods shall be transferred from the Seller to the Buyer upon fulfilment of all contractual obligations (including payment of the Instalment Payments) by the Buyer.
2.4 In addition to this Contract, the sales of Goods shall be governed by the Seller’s supplementary conditions insofar as these do not contradict the Contract.
2.5 The Buyer confirms being aware that the Seller has assigned to the Factor all requirements arising from the Contract, including any claims against the Buyer for payment of Instalment Payments and other contractual payments as well as collateral claims (above all, the fine for delay, and claims for compensation of damage arising from breach of the payment obligation). The Buyer is aware that the payments to be made under the Contract shall only be considered as having been paid upon their payment to the Factor.
DELIVERY OF GOODS
3.1 Immediately after the payment of the Downpayment and the Contract Fee, and any other fees specified in the Special Conditions, the Seller shall transfer the Goods into the direct possession of the Buyer at the Seller’s place of business or, in case of a distance contract, at the location of the Seller or the Buyer, depending on the agreement of the Parties' to the Contract.
3.2 Together with the Goods, the Seller undertakes to deliver to the Buyer all documents accompanying the Goods, the user manual for the Goods (in Estonian) as well as other accessories, and inform the Buyer of the appropriate use of the Goods, if necessary. Where a warranty is provided for the Goods, the Seller shall deliver to the Buyer, together with the Goods, the warranty documents accompanying the Goods (including the warranty conditions).
3.3 Upon receipt of the Goods, the Buyer is obliged to immediately inspect the Goods in order to determine their compliance and discover potential deficiencies, and to make sure that the Goods are intact and can be used purposefully.
3.4 The risk of accidental loss of or damage to the Goods shall be transferred to the Buyer from the moment of the acceptance of the Goods, with the Buyer taking responsibility for the maintenance and preservation of the Goods and bearing any expenses related to the maintenance, preservation and use of the Goods.
3.5 Any destruction of, loss of or damage to the Goods (for reasons beyond the control of the Buyer) shall have no bearing on the Buyer’s obligation to make the contractual payments to the Factor under the Payment Schedule.
PAYMENTS AND INTEREST
4.1 Unless otherwise agreed in the Special Conditions, the Buyer shall make the Downpayment and pay the Seller the Contract Fee for the conclusion of the Contract on the day of conclusion of the Contract.
4.2 The Buyer is obliged to make Instalment Payments to the Factor in accordance with the Payment Schedule for the entire term of the Contract.
4.3 Among other things, the Buyer shall pay Interest to the Factor as a part of the Instalment Payment on each Payment Due Date. Interest shall be calculated on the outstanding Credit Amount, which is fixed at the beginning of each Interest calculation period, and in accordance with the interest rate agreed in the Special Conditions. Until the first Payment Due Date for repayment of the Credit Amount, Interest shall be calculated based on the actual number of days per month and a 360-day year. Thereafter, Interest shall be calculated based on a 30-day month and a 360-day year. Interest shall be calculated and paid from the day of entry into the Contract until (excluding) the last Payment Due Date for repayment of the Credit Amount under the Payment Schedule.
4.4 If the Buyer wishes to order from the Factor operations not specified in the Contract (for example, introduction of amendments in the Contract), the Buyer shall pay to the Factor the Contract Fee or another fee in accordance with the Factor’s price list, or, upon the agreement of the Buyer and the Factor, another service charge.
4.5 For payment of the contractual amounts, the Factor shall send the Buyer an invoice to the Buyer’s e-mail address specified in the Contract, or, if the Buyer so desires, a hard copy of the invoice to the Buyer's address specified in the Contract. If the Buyer wishes to receive from the Factor a hard-copy invoice for payment of the contractual amounts, the Buyer shall be obliged to pay to the Factor the corresponding fee (hard-copy invoice fee) for each delivery in accordance with the Factor’s price list. Failure to receive the invoice shall not affect the Buyer's obligation to make contractual payments to the Factor in accordance with the Payment Schedule.
4.6 If the Buyer fails to make the Instalment Payment or pay any other contractual amount by the Payment Due Date, the Factor shall have the right to demand from the Buyer a Fine for Delay, which is calculated on the outstanding debt amount in accordance with the stipulations of the Special Conditions, from the day following the Payment Due Date until appropriate fulfilment of the obligation. No Fine for Delay shall be calculated on outstanding Interest and the Fine for Delay.
4.7 Should the amounts paid by the Buyer prove insufficient for the fulfilment of the Buyer’s obligations, the collection costs of the debt shall be deemed as paid in the first order, repayments of the Credit Amount in the second order, Interest due in the third order, and the Fine for Delay, contractual penalties and other fees and compensation of damage thereafter.
4.8 If the Buyer fails to pay the contractual amounts in a timely manner, the Factor shall have the right to demand from the Buyer compensation for the expenses incurred for the collection of the debt (i.e. the debt processing fee) in accordance with the rate(s) established in the Factor’s price list and/or the actual costs incurred by the Factor (the fees charged by the collection service provider and/or legal costs and/or bailiff’s fees).
4.9 Where the payment due date for an amount payable under the Contract has not been fixed in the Payment Schedule and/or the Contract, the amount must be paid by the payment due date established by the Factor in the invoice.
4.10 All contractual payments (except for the Contract Fee for the conclusion of the Contract and the Downpayment) shall be paid to the Factor’s account specified in the Special Conditions, and shall be considered as paid upon transfer of the corresponding amount to the aforementioned Factor’s account. The Factor shall inform the Buyer of any changes in the account information, as well as of other details required for the effecting of the payment.
OTHER RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF THE PARTIES AND THE FACTOR
5.1 The Buyer undertakes to use the Goods in a diligent, sustainable and prudent manner for the purposes set forth in the technical documentation of the Goods and in accordance with the requirements established by the manufacturer of the Goods and the Seller for technical maintenance, use and exploitation of the Goods.
5.2 The Buyer undertakes to ensure, during the validity of the Contract until appropriate fulfilment of all obligations arising from the Contract, the preservation of the condition of the Goods at the time of delivery of the Goods to the Buyer, considering the normal wear and tear conditioned by the purposeful use of the Goods.
5.3 The Buyer shall not be entitled, during the validity of the Contract, to transfer the Goods or dispose of the Goods in any other manner, including to pledge or encumber the Goods with any rights of third parties.
5.4 The Buyer shall not have the right, without the Factor’s previous written consent, to assign the contractual rights and obligations to third parties, or to offset the contractual payables.
5.5 The Seller undertakes to fulfil all obligations arising from the warranty, the Contract or the law with regard to the Goods in accordance with the requirements stipulated in the warranty documents of the Goods and the Contract (including the obligations arising from non-compliance of the Goods with the terms and conditions of the Contract), and the Buyer shall have the right to demand the fulfilment of the corresponding obligation by the Seller. If the Seller is in breach of the Contract – above all, if the Goods do not comply with the terms and conditions of the Contract – the Buyer may file claims under the Contractor the law only against the Seller. The Buyer is obliged to notify the Seller of any non-compliance of the Goods with the terms and conditions of the Contract within a reasonable period of time after learning of the non-compliance and describe the non-compliance with sufficient accuracy. The Seller’s failure to fulfil or appropriately fulfil the obligations with respect to the Goods shall have no bearing on the Buyer’s obligation to make contractual payments to the Factor in accordance with the Payment Schedule.
5.6 The Factor shall have the right to assign the contractual claims against the Buyer. The Factor is obliged to notify the Buyer of the assignment of the claim pursuant to the procedure provided in the legal acts.
5.7 The Factor shall have the right to unilaterally amend the price list by notifying the Buyer at least 1 (one) month in advance. The term of advance notification set forth in this clause shall not be applied, if the change is conditioned by a lowering of the price for a service listed in the price list, amendment of a contractual condition in favour of the Buyer, or addition of new services to the price list.
THE BUYER'S CONFIRMATIONS AND OBLIGATION TO INFORM
6.1 By signing the Contract, the Buyer shall confirm the following:
6.1.1. they have full passive and active legal capacity as well as the rights and authorisations to enter into and perform this Contract;
6.1.2. there are no restrictions which hinder or may hinder the entry into the Contract or serve as the basis for premature termination or cancellation of the Contract;
6.1.3. the entry into the Contract does not violate any contract, document, legal act, administrative act, judicial decision or precept of administrative agencies, which is binding upon the Buyer;
6.1.4. no reorganisation, liquidation, bankruptcy or execution proceedings have been initiated against them, and they are not aware of any circumstances which could lead to the initiation of such proceedings in the future;
6.1.5. The Buyer shall guarantee fulfilment of the obligations assumed under the Contract with all of their property or any future property that the Buyer may acquire;
6.1.6. The information (including the financial information on the Buyer), statements, calculations and other materials and documentation submitted by the Buyer are correct and complete;
6.1.7. The Goods have been chosen by the Buyer;
6.1.8. The Buyer has been informed and fully recognises the risks involved with the financing of the acquisition of the Goods by the Seller and the Factor as well as the use of the Credit Amount; the Credit Amount corresponds to the credit interest and financial position of the Buyer;
6.1.9. The Buyer recognises that the Seller has assigned all claims arising from the Contract to the Factor, and undertakes to fulfil the contractual payment obligations to the Factor pursuant to the procedure and by the terms set forth in the Contract and the Payment Schedule;
6.1.10. The Buyer recognises that, despite assignment of the claim to the Factor, the Seller shall remain liable for the compliance of the Goods, and is aware that any notices regarding deficiencies discovered in the Goods shall be submitted to the Seller and that the Factor shall not be held responsible for any deficiencies or submission of notifications.
6.2 The Buyer is obliged to inform the Factor within 5 (five) calendar days of the following:
6.2.1. any changes in the Buyer’s contact address (including e-mail address), contact telephone or bank accounts specified in the Contract;
6.2.2. the initiation of bankruptcy proceedings, debt restructuring proceedings or similar proceedings against the Buyer;
6.2.3. The competent body of the Buyer shall adopt a resolution on the liquidation of the Buyer or a petition is filed with the court for the declaration of the Buyer’s bankruptcy, initiation of reorganisation proceedings against the Buyer, reorganisation of the obligations of the Buyer or other similar proceedings;
6.2.4. the occurrence of other significant events that may hinder the appropriate performance of the Buyer’s obligations arising from the Contract, or render it impossible, or that may cause an impairment of the Collateral;
6.2.5. any breach of Contract on behalf of the Seller; any loss of, damage to, or partial or full destruction of the Goods.
6.3 The Buyer is obliged, during the validity of the Contract, to submit to the Factor, immediately upon the Factor’s request, financial documents regarding the Buyer’s solvency (e.g. balance sheet, income statement, etc.).
LIABILITY AND CONTRACTUAL PENALTY
7.1 The Buyer shall be fully and unconditionally liable for the preservation and maintenance of the Goods from the moment of acceptance of the Goods until the expiry or termination of the Contract. The loss of possession of, destruction of, loss of or damage to the Goods or a similar event shall not exempt the Buyer from his or her liability and the fulfilment of the contractual obligations.
7.2 In case of breach of a contractual obligation other than a payment obligation on behalf of the Buyer, the Factor shall have the right to demand from the Buyer a contractual penalty in the amount of up to 5% (five per cent) of the outstanding Credit Amount as at the moment of the breach of the Contract, unless the breach is corrected within a reasonable period of time established by the Factor.
7.3 The payment of a contractual penalty shall not exempt the Buyer from the fulfilment of the breached obligation or any other contractual obligations, and does not deprive the Factor of the right to prematurely terminate the Contract on the basis provided in the Contract or by law.
AMENDMENT, EXPIRY AND PREMATURE TERMINATION OF THE CONTRACT
8.1 Any amendments, additions and changes in the Contract shall be prepared in writing. The Factor (as the Seller’s representative) and the Buyer shall have the right to agree, without the Seller’s separate consent, on any amendment of the Contract with regard to the exercise of the contractual right of claim assigned to the Factor.
8.2 The Contract shall lapse upon expiry of the Contract, when all obligations arising from the Contract have been appropriately fulfilled. Upon expiry of the Contract, the right of ownership of the Goods shall be transferred to the Buyer. The right of ownership of the Goods shall not be transferred to the Buyer, if the Buyer has any arrears before the Factor.
8.3 In case of breach of Contract by the Seller, the Buyer shall be entitled to apply the legal remedies stipulated in legal acts (above all, the Law of Obligations Act). Where the Seller is in breach of the Contract, the Buyer shall not have the right to refuse to fulfil their obligations to the Factor, unless in the event of the circumstances imperatively provided by legal acts. Where the Buyer has the right, provided by legal acts, to cancel the service provision agreement concluded for the performance of ongoing/recurring operations, the Buyer is obliged to continue payment for the services rendered prior to the cancellation, but is not obliged, after the cancellation of the Contract, to pay for services not yet rendered by the Seller, and shall have the right to request from the Factor (as the representative of the Seller) the cancellation of the last Credit Amount Repayments payable under the Contract and the Payment Schedule in the amount which corresponds to value of services not yet rendered, with the costs incurred by the Seller for the provision of the service deducted thereof.
8.4 The Factor (as the Seller’s representative) shall have the right to prematurely terminate the Contract without any advance notice, if:
8.4.1. the Buyer has submitted false information in the application for the conclusion of the Contract or in other documents submitted to the Seller and/or the Factor, or has failed to submit information concerning his or her activities or legal status, which significantly affects the performance of the obligations arising from the Contract;
8.4.2. the Buyer fails to make the Downpayment or pay the Contract Fee in a timely manner;
8.4.3. the Buyer partially or completely delays payment of the Instalment Payment or any other payment under the Contract on 1 (one) occasion, and fails to eliminate the breach within a 14 (fourteen)- day additional term established by the Factor;
8.4.4. the Buyer is in breach of any other contract concluded with the Factor or the Factor's group company (incl. a Collateral Contract) and fails to eliminate the breach within the 14 (fourteen)-day additional term given by the Factor.
8.4.5. when the guarantor who has guaranteed the Buyer’s contractual obligations is subjected to transformation, is dissolved or declared bankrupt, or a reorganisation plan is approved thereof, reorganising the surety or guarantee provided to the Seller and/or Factor, and the Buyer fails to provide the Seller and/or Factor with additional security acceptable to the Seller and/or Factor within 14 calendar days;
8.5 If the Factor cancels the Contract under clause 8.4 of the Contract, the Seller shall have the right to cancel the service agreement associated with the Contract, concluded for the performance of ongoing/recurring operations.
8.6 In case of cancellation or premature termination of the Contract, the Instalment Payments made by the Buyer during the validity of the Contract or other amounts paid under the Contract shall not be returned or otherwise compensated to the Buyer.
8.7 By agreement with the Factor, the Buyer shall have the right to fulfil its contractual obligations prematurely and completely, by submitting to the Factor the corresponding application, and paying to the Factor the entire unreturned Credit Amount before the prescribed time. If the Buyer fails to submit the above declaration of intention to the Factor, any amounts prematurely paid by the Buyer shall be considered as an advance payment. In case of premature fulfilment of the obligations under the Contract, the Factor shall have the right to demand from the Buyer compensation for premature repayment in accordance with the rate(s) or bases of calculation set forth in the Factor’s Price List.
CONFIDENTIALITY OBLIGATION AND PROCESSING OF PERSONAL DATA
9.1 The Seller and/or the Factor shall have the right to disclose information on the Buyer, the terms and conditions of the Contract and the performance of the Contract (including failure to appropriately perform the Contract) to the following parties:
9.1.1. the Seller and/or the Factor and their group companies, staff members and service providers, including companies or individuals who render debt collection services to the Seller and/or the Factor;
9.1.2. counsellors or auditors of the Seller and/or the Factor, AS Krediidiinfo and the registrar of the payment default register;
9.1.3. the Factor’s creditors who have provided financial resources for the purpose of financing the Contract;
9.1.4. persons securing the Contract (parties to the Collateral Contract);
9.1.5. persons to whom the Seller and/or the Factor intends to or is planning to transfer or assign the rights, obligations or claims arising from the Contract;
9.1.6. the providers of monitoring or similar services to the Seller and/or the Factor;
9.1.7. persons whose right to receive information arises from the valid legal acts of the Republic of Estonia.
9.2 With the conclusion of the Contract, the Buyer shall grant the Seller and the Factor its consent to the processing of the Buyer’s data for the purpose of performance of the Contract in accordance with the terms and conditions of the Contract, and the Factor’s “Principles for processing of customer data”, available at the Factor’s website (www.lhv.ee/jarelmaks).
9.3 With the conclusion of the Contract, the Buyer shall grant the Seller and the Factor its consent to using the data provided by the Buyer (incl. the name and contact data of the representative) for marketing purposes – above all, for the sending of offers and marketing information concerning the products and services offered by the Seller and the Factor, i.e. for direct marketing via means of communication (including e-mail). The Buyer shall have the right to withdraw this consent at any time by filing with the Seller or the Factor, respectively, the corresponding declaration of intention in a format which can be reproduced in writing.
EXCHANGE OF NOTICES
10.1 Any notices submitted to the other Party and/or the Factor under the Contract shall be prepared in writing or in a format which can be reproduced in writing (i.e. communicated by e-mail or fax). In the cases set forth in the Contract, the notice shall be prepared in writing.
10.2 Notices prepared in writing shall be considered as received by the other Party and/or the Factor, if delivered against signature or sent via a post office by registered mail to the Party's and/or the Factor's address specified in the Contract, and 5 (five) calendar days have passed since the posting. A notice which has been digitally signed by the Party and/or the Factor and sent to the e-mail address of the Party and/or the Factor specified in the Contract shall be considered as received by the Party and/or the Factor on the working day following the day of dispatch.
10.3 If a Party and/or the Factor has changed the address, fax number or e-mail address during the validity of the Contract and has failed to inform the other Party and/or the Factor thereof, the notice shall be considered as received by the Party and/or the Factor, if sent to the address specified in the Contract. Any notices regarding breach of, withdrawal from and/or cancellation of the Contract shall be submitted in writing (except for notices of obligations, which may be submitted in a format which can be reproduced in writing).
DOCUMENTS OF THE CONTRACT
11.1 The Special Conditions, General Conditions of the Contract, Payment Schedule(s) and other additions, amendment and annexes to the Contract shall form an integral part of the Contract.
11.2 The General Conditions of the Contract shall be valid insofar as they do not contradict the Special Conditions. In case of discrepancies between the Special Conditions and the General Conditions, the terms and conditions agreed in the Special Conditions shall prevail.
11.3 The Parties and the Factor have agreed that, where the Buyer is a client of AS LHV Pank (registry code: 10539549), the General Conditions of AS LHV Pank shall be applied in issues not regulated by the Contract. The General Conditions of AS LHV Pank are available in the branch offices of AS LHV Pank as well as the website of AS LHV Pank (www.lhv.ee)
APPLICABLE LAW AND SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES
12.1 This Contract (including the entry into, performance of and any disputes arising from the Contract) shall be governed by the laws of the Republic of Estonia.
12.2 Any disputes arising between the Buyer and/or the Seller and/or the Factor within the framework of the Contract shall be solved by way of negotiation.
12.3 If the Parties fail to reach an agreement by way of negotiation, the dispute shall be settled by the courts of the Republic of Estonia. The Parties have agreed that Harju County Court shall serve as the court of first instance in the settlement of disputes. The jurisdiction agreement stipulated in this clause shall be applied insofar as and on the condition that this is not prohibited under a mandatory provision of the law in the particular dispute.
12.4 The Buyer confirms agreeing to the application of the law of the Republic of Estonia on the relations arising from the Contract and the settlement of disputes in Harju County Court (including if the Buyer is living in or relocates to, after entry into the Contract, a foreign country or transfers its place of business or place of residence to a foreign country, or if the place of business or residence is not known at the time of submission of the claim).